The Dendera Complex Temple, Where The Goddess Of Love Is Witnessing History

The complex temple of Dendera is considered one of the most preserved temples in Egypt, situated on the south east of the city of Dendera on the west bank of the river Nile 60 Km north of Luxor.
The whole complex is covering the area of 40000 square meter surrounded by a mudbrick wall.
The cult temple was dedicated to “Hathor” the goddess of love, joy and beauty from 380 BC.
The temple was previously known as the castle of sistrum or the house of Hathor.
The stunning temple of Hathor is considered the largest and most impressive building in the religious complex.
The complex features as well the temple of birth of Isis, sacred lake, Sanatorium, mammisi of Nectanebo II, Christian basilica, roman mammisi, Gateways of Domitian and Trajan, Braque shrine, and the Roman kiosk.
There is evidence that site was originally built by pharaoh Pepi I (ca. 2250 BC) in the eighteenth dynasty (ca 1500 BC), But the defined fact that earliest existing building in the complex today is the mammisi of Nectanebo II - last of the native pharaohs (360-343 BC).
The temple of Hathor was historically called the temple of Tentyra, with modifications starting up from the middle kingdom, the fact is the existing structure was built during the reign of Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra VII in the late Ptolemaic empire, carved onto the external face of one of the temple walls is a huge relief of Cleopatra VII and Caesarion her son by Julius Caesar.
Additions were made later until the time of the Roman Empire, the roman mammisi ”birth house” is always ascribed to the roman emperor Trajan but constructed by Nero.
A Christian basilica built during the 5th century AD, showing a good example of the early Coptic Church architecture.
As Hathor was also the goddess of healing, Dendera has always been associated with healing for travelers and pilgrims seeking cure for their illness, and blessings of the gods.